How to make puppy milk replacer at home

How to make puppy milk replacer at home

Ideally small puppies rely on their mother’s milk for all their nutritional needs. Orphaned puppies or puppies whose mothers cannot nurse them for one reason or another, need to be supplemented with puppy milk replacer. There are several commercial puppy milk replacement formulas available in pet stores and online platforms. However, you can easily make puppy milk replacer at home in the absence of a commercial formula.

Small puppies have several nutritional needs that need to be met. Therefore, puppy milk replacement formula should provide a complete diet. Ideally, puppy milk replacement formula should be as close to the mother’s milk as possible.

According to a study by Cornell University, the composition of a dog’s milk is as shown in the table below.

Constituents
Total solids21 – 26 %
Fat8 – 12 %
Protein7 – 10%
Sugar3 – 4 %
Gross energy

141 – 155 kcal/100g

Dog’s milk has a high moisture content. This is because puppies need a lot of moisture to stay hydrated. Puppies can easily become dehydrated if they are not nursing.

Additionally, most of the energy in dog’s milk is derived from proteins (31%).

Homemade puppy milk replacement formula recipes

There are several recipes you can use to easily make puppy milk replacer at home. Here are 4 recipes we recommend that you can try.

These recipes should only be used temporarily until you get a suitable puppy formula.

Generally, cow milk is not recommended for feeding puppies. This is because it has high lactose levels which can make your puppy develop digestive upsets. Goat milk and evaporated milk are easier for puppies to digest hence preferred.

Recipe #1 – Replacement formula

Ingredients

  1. ½ cup of evaporated milk
  2. 1 cup of boiled water
  3. 1 teaspoon of corn oil or Karo syrup
  4. 2 raw egg yolks
  5. 1 drop of pediatric / baby multivitamin
  6. 1 tablespoon plain full fat yoghurt

Recipe #2 – Replacement formula

Ingredients

  1. 1 cup of whole goat milk
  2. 1 teaspoon of corn oil or Karo syrup
  3. 2 raw egg yolks
  4. 1 drop of pediatric / baby vitamins

Recipe #3 – Emergency formula

Ingredients

  1. 1 cup of evaporated milk
  2. 1 cup of boiled water
  3. 2 tablespoons of natural yoghurt
  4. 1 raw egg yolk
  5. 1 teaspoon of honey

Recipe # 4 – Emergency formula

Ingredients

  1. 12 ounces of fresh goat milk
  2. 1 tablespoon of mayonnaise
  3. 2 raw egg yolks
  4. 1 teaspoon of light corn syrup
  5. 1 cup of full fat yoghurt

Instructions for all the recipes

  • Mix the ingredients using a blender or whisk.
  • Warm to room temperature using a hot water bath.
  • Bottle feed your puppy as necessary.
  • You can refrigerate between uses.
  • Discard any unused milk replacer after 24 hours.

Check with your veterinarian before using any formula (homemade or store bought) to find out if the formula is suitable for your puppy.

Bottle feeding puppy milk replacer

Bottle feed the homemade puppy milk replacer using pet nursing bottles such as . I however prefer using baby bottles as they are sturdier than pet feeders.

If you are feeding several puppies, you can use a pet feeder bottle with multiple nipples.

Each puppy has different feeding requirements depending on its age and weight. Generally, feed 1 cc of formula per ounce of body weight.

Feed your puppies every 2 – 3 hours until they reach 5 weeks when you can start introducing solid food. A process known as weaning.

Adjust the calories intake according to the growth of your puppy.

Read next: Taking care of orphaned puppies.

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